Implicit ways in which musical systems are learned

"Perhaps the most compelling argument against the innateness hypothesis is the existence of a plausible learning hypothesis. If schematic expectancies can be easily learned by mere exposure, there is no reason for them to have been wired innately".

Bharucha (1994, p. 231).

Régularités statistiques et/ou Régularités propres au matériau

Knowledge that is acquired in a specific area determines how events are understood and represented. In the various experiments that have been carried out in the area of music cognition, the reactions of non-musicians never differ markedly from those of musicians. It would appear, therefore, that the simple act of listening to pieces of western music is enough to allow the development of a sophisticated, implicit knowledge of the tonal system.The relationship of an adult western listener to the music of his culture is similar to that of a young child to his mother tongue: he understands what he is listening to without being able to name the structures he perceives. The researchers task is to elucidate the nature of these various processes of knowledge acquisition in the acoustic field.


Bibiliographical References

Tillmann, B., Bharucha, J. J., & Bigand, E. (2000). Implicit learning of tonality: A self-organizing approach. Psychological Review, 107(4), 885-913. Détails ›

Bigand, E., Perruchet, P., & Boyer, M. (1998). Implicit learning of an artificial grammar of musical timbres. Current Psychology of Cognition, 17(3), 577-600. Détails ›

Perruchet, P., Bigand, E., & Benoit-Gonin, F. (1997). The emergence of explicit knowledge during the early phase of learning in sequential reaction time tasks. Psychological Research, 60(1-2), 4-13. Détails ›

Bigand, E., & Barrouillet, P. (1996). Processi di classificazione degli stili nei bambini e negli adulti. Quaderni della SIEM, 10, 81-93.